25 APRILE… FESTA DI SAN MARCO

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  Per i Veneti il 25 aprile è ricorrenza assai più antica dell'attuale festa nazionale italiana.
Vi cade infatti il giorno del Santo Patrono Marco le cui reliquie, che si trovavano in terra islamica ad Alessandria d'Egitto, furono avventurosamente traslate a Venezia nell'anno 828 da due leggendari mercanti veneziani: Buono da Malamocco e Rustico da Torcello.
Si tramanda che per trafugare ai Musulmani il prezioso corpo (l'Islam riconosce e venera a sua volta Cristo e i Santi), i due astuti mercanti lo abbiano nascosto sotto una partita di carne di maiale, che passò senza ispezione la dogana a causa del noto disgusto per questa derrata imposto ai seguaci del Profeta.
Va ricordato che in quei tempi (e in parte ancor oggi) le reliquie erano un potente aggregatore sociale; inoltre attiravano pellegrini e contribuivano a innalzare il numero della popolazione nelle città, effetto molto importante per un urbanesimo agli albori che stentava ad affermarsi sulle popolazioni prevalentemente rurali.
Ogni reliquia era quindi bene accetta assieme a chi la recava e quella di San Marco lo fu particolarmente a Venezia, in quanto proprio quel Santo, mentre era in vita, avrebbe evangelizzato le genti venete divenendone Patrono ed emblema sotto forma di leone alato.
Alato, armato di spada e munito di un libro sul quale, in tempo di pace, si poteva leggere la frase Pax Tibi Marce Evangelista Meus (Pace a Te o Marco Mio Evangelista); un libro che veniva minacciosamente chiuso quando la spada, anziché cristianamente discriminare il bene dal male, si arrossava di sangue guerriero.
La commemorazione è oggi ridotta al solo 25 aprile, data della morte del Santo, ma ai tempi della Serenissima si festeggiava anche il 31 gennaio (dies translationis corporis) e il 25 giugno, giorno in cui nel 1094 dogante Vitale Falier avvenne il ritrovamento delle reliquie del Santo nella Basilica di S.Marco.
Alla celebrazione si associarono col tempo alcune leggende popolari.
Secondo una di queste, durante la fortissima mareggiata che, come narra Marin Sanudo, colpì Venezia nel febbraio del 1340, un barcaiolo riparatosi presso il ponte della Paglia fu invitato a riprendere il mare da un cavaliere.
Durante il tragitto verso la bocca di porto, il barcaiolo fece sosta a S.Giorgio Maggiore e poi a S.Nicolò del Lido.
Raggiunto il mare aperto, i demoni che spingevano l'acqua verso Venezia furono affrontati e battuti dai tre cavalieri, che altri non erano che i santi Marco, Giorgio e Nicolò.
Sconfitti i demoni, San Marco affidò al barcaiolo un anello, da consegnare all'allora doge Bartolomeo Gradenigo perchè fosse conservato nel Tesoro di San Marco.
Sebastiano Giorgi & Umberto Sartori
tratto da: clicca qui
 

Il 25 aprile l'Italia festeggia la liberazione dal nazifascismo, ma per Venezia e per i veneziani il 25 aprile è una tradizione ben più antica dell'attuale festa nazionale: è la festa di San Marco, santo patrono della città. 
Le reliquie di San Marco furono trafugate da Alessandria d'Egitto e trasportate a Venezia nel 828 da due leggendari mercanti veneziani: Rustico da Torcello e Buono da Malamocco.
Si racconta che per trafugare il corpo di San Marco i due mercanti lo abbiano nascosto sotto un carico di carne di maiale, che riuscì a passare senza ispezione la dogana a causa del ben noto disprezzo dei Musulmani per questo alimento.
La reliquia di San Marco fu accolta con grande gioia a Venezia, non solo per la sua funzione di attrarre pellegrini da tutta Europa a Venezia, ma anche perché la storia veneta racconta che proprio l'evangelista Marco, mentre era in vita, avrebbe evangelizzato le genti venete divenendone patrono.
San Marco divenne così il patrono e l'emblema della città assumendo le sembianze di un leone alato che brandisce una spada e stringe tra le zampe un libro sulle cui pagine aperte si legge: Pax Tibi Marce Evangelista Meus,  Pace a Te o Marco Mio Evangelista.
tratto da: clicca qui
 

 
wikipedia, l’enciclopedia libera… di disinformare!

La festa di San Marco è la festa patronale di Venezia che viene celebrata il 25 aprile, in memoria di San Marco Evangelista.
Durante il regno della Serenissima (quello dello Serenissima non è mai stato un regno ma una Repubblica), veniva organizzata una processione da piazza San Marco.
A tale manifestazione, partecipavano le autorità maggiormente influenti, sia civili che religiose, della Repubblica, (infatti qui poi si parla di Repubblica).
Erano dedicati a San Marco anche il 31 gennaio, ricordo della traslazione a Venezia delle reliquie, e il 25 giugno, data del rinvenimento, nel 1094, del luogo in cui esse erano state occultate.
 


 

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