1294 A.C. CIRCA – ANTENORE…IL FONDATORE DEI VENETI


Nell'Iliade, Antenore viene descritto come un vecchio eminente e saggio troiano che implora i suoi concittadini affinché essi restituiscano Elena al marito, Menelao, per scongiurare il conflitto gli Achei.
Tale richiesta resterà inascoltata, per il prevalere del partito favorevole alla guerra, riunitosi intorno all'altro consigliere di Priamo, Antimaco.
Da molti autori classici e medievali Antenore è invece indicato come un traditore.
Ad esempio secondo le versioni di Ellanico, Servio o Ditti Cretese, Antenore tradì i Troiani, consegnando ad Ulisse e Diomede il Palladio, talismano della invincibilità troiana, avendo in cambio salva la vita per sé e la propria famiglia.
Dopo la distruzione di Troia, Antenore raggiunse il nord Italia (è infatti considerato il fondatore di Padova e il capostipite dei Veneti).
Secondo Tito Livio, invece, Antenore ottenne la libertà dagli Achei grazie al ruolo moderato che avrebbe svolto durante la guerra.
Comunque siano andate le cose, egli giunse nel Veneto con alcuni alleati dei Troiani (i Meoni di Mestle e i Paflagoni rimasti senza guida dopo la morte del loro comandante Pilemene), e fondò Antenorea, denominata in seguito Padova.
Qui sorgerebbe la sua tomba.
Antenore sposò Teano, adottando Mimante, il bimbo nato da un precedente matrimonio della moglie, e da lei ebbe poi numerosi figli, tutti maschi, che presero parte alla difesa di Troia: a Coone, il maggiore, seguirono Glauco, Agenore (padre di Echeclo, pure lui guerriero benché ancora giovinetto), Archeloco, Acamante, Eurimaco, Elicaone, Polidamante, Demoleonte, Laodamante, Laodoco, Anteo, Polibo, e Ifidamante, l'ultimogenito.
Una versione lo dice padre pure di Laocoonte.
Si unì anche ad una schiava, dalla quale ebbe un figlio di nome Pedeo, allevato con affetto da sua moglie legittima.
Nei cinquanta giorni di guerra narrati nell'Iliade, Antenore perde sette figli ed il nipote Echeclo.
tratto da: clicca qui
 
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